Spectrum GmbH has announced an option (M4i.22xx-ir40m) for its highly successful, high-speed 22xx series of digitizer products that increases their sensitivity and therefore absolute resolution for low amplitude signals in the ±40 mV up to ±0.5 V range. The current products are optimized to acquire, store and analyze signals in the ±200 mV up to ±2.5 V range.
The example of a 10-bit digitizer with a lowest 50 Ω range at ±0.5 V full scale input range that has to acquire a signal with an amplitude of around 50 mV. The 10-bit ADC offers 1024 (210) levels of resolution each of about 1 mV (1V/1024). The signal would therefore only cover about 50 levels of the 10-bit ADC’s available range. Spectrum’s 22xx series digitizers use 8-bit ADCs that give 256 (28) levels of resolution. So, by using this new low range option, the digitizer becomes more sensitive with around 0.3 mV (80mV/256) of resolution capturing the 50 mV signal with around three times more resolution than the more expensive 10-bit unit.
For extremely low amplitude signals, the 22xx series digitizers can also be used with Spectrum’s high bandwidth (up to 2 GHz) external SPA series amplifiers. These free-standing units offer additional x10 (20 dB) or x100 (40 dB) gain making it possible to capture and analyze signals that go down into the low mV ranges.
Spectrum’s 22xx series digitizers come in a variety of popular form factors including PCIe, PXIe and LXI. Models are available with sampling rates of 1.25, 2.5 and 5 GS/s and bandwidths of 500 MHz or 1.5 GHz (700 MHz with low input range option). Versions with one, two and four channels are available for units in the PCIe and PXIe formats, while the larger LXI-based instruments offer models that have from 2 to 24 fully synchronous channels.
All Spectrum digitizers are designed so that each channel features its own ADC, large acquisition memory (1 GSample/channel) and independent, front-end, signal conditioning circuitry. The ADCs are clocked synchronously to ensure inter-channel timing measurements can be made with the best possible accuracy as well as maintaining a constant phase relationship. The combination of fast sampling rate, wide bandwidth and long acquisition memory enables the digitizers to capture long, complex, high frequency signals. It also makes it possible to characterize and measure fast events that go down into the nano- and sub-nanosecond timing ranges.
Advanced acquisition modes
Designed to acquire and analyze a wide range of signals, the digitizers also include a host of acquisition modes. Single Shot mode is available for capturing transient events, Multiple Recording for storing numerous signals that arrive in bursts or packets, Gated Sampling synchronizes the acquisition with another event, and ABA mode, which mimics the operation of a chart recorder and enables segments with fast and slow sampling rates to be recorded simultaneously. All the acquisition modes can be used with FIFO streaming that allows acquired data to be continuously transferred to a host PC.
Each channel of the digitizer, as well as two external inputs, can act as a trigger source with the capability of combining all sources by AND/OR logic functions. The logic feature makes it possible to trigger only when specific patterns are seen on the inputs, greatly simplifying complex trigger situations. Trigger events can also be date and time stamped to identify exactly when, and how often, they occurred.
Extensive software support
The digitizers come with all the tools necessary to capture, digitize and analyze electronic signals. The products are fully programmable and come with drivers that allow users to write their own control programs with a variety of popular programming languages, including C++, Visual Basic, VB.NET, C#, J#, Delphi, IVI, Java and Python code. Third party software support is also provided for LabVIEW, LabWindows and MATLAB.
If users do not want to write their own programs, Spectrum offers SBench 6 — an easy-to-use, graphical user interface. SBench 6 provides control all of the digitizer’s operating modes and settings. The software has a number of built-in features for waveform display, data analysis and documentation. Acquired and analyzed waveforms can be stored and exported to other devices, or other software programs, in a number of formats such as MATLAB, ASCII, binary and wave.